Talking points on the JMI on Aid
Ricarda Rieger, Deputy Country Director, UNDP
14TH Meeting of
the Government-Development Partner Coordination Committee (GDCC)
Phnom Penh, April 28, 2009
Excellency Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economy and Finance
Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
all, we believe that the consultation process to identify aid
effectiveness priorities for each Line Ministries and agencies has
been very useful. It has simplified efforts for greater aid
effectiveness and increased their relevance, by moving discussions
from central high-level commitments, such as at the GDCC and the CDCF,
to the reality of the sectors.
has already mentioned the three areas of the aid effectiveness
priorities: first, developing sector strategies to lay the ground for
more solid Programme-Based Approaches; second, implementing annual
operational plans, which are essential to better prioritize and align
resources to national priorities; and third, improving the
coordination of capacity development efforts to strengthen country
systems. Achieving these results will be the focus of our joint
efforts in the coming months.
In order to
achieve results, we see three preconditions to swift and full
implementation and monitoring of these priorities:
First, it is essential that political commitment and leadership on
these priorities be secured.
During our dialogue at the CDCF meeting last December, the Royal
Government made a strong point that political leadership and political
solutions were required to accelerate progress on aid effectiveness.
This JMI aid effectiveness exercise has attempted to promote such
political leadership in line ministries and agencies on the management
of aid resources. These priorities reflect the needs of each line
ministries and agencies, we hope that they have been, or will be,
endorsed by the highest levels of these institutions. This political
leadership should then be used to guide discussions at the Technical
Working Group level to ensure timely and effective implementation.
Second, we agree with the Royal Government that more joint efforts are
needed to improve the quality of partnerships at the level of
Technical Working Groups.
This JMI on aid effectiveness exercise showed that while there often
was consensus on what these priorities should be, the process to reach
them was not always consultative. To make our partnerships more
effective, it is essential that such consultations be conducted in the
future in a timely manner and in a spirit of dialogue. We would like
to encourage all relevant stakeholders to engage actively in the
Government-led consultation and training initiative on improving
partnerships that will be conducted later this year.
Third, mutual accountability should be practiced when implementing and
monitoring these aid effectiveness priorities.
Having agreed on these mutual commitments, both Government and
development partners should take steps to define and agree how to
implement them, with defined responsibilities and timelines, but also
be clear about what changes this entails for both sides. The fact that
these priorities will be monitored at the GDCC alongside the JMIs will
elevate their profile and support their full implementation. However,
it is important to remember that mutual accountability requires more
than sharing information and monitoring progress, it requires
political solutions and having adequate incentives for compliance in
place. The experience in other countries shows that independent
evaluations can often contribute to strengthen mutual accountability.
Cambodia will participate to the second phase of the Global Evaluation
of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in early 2010. To
encourage progress and hold all stakeholders to account, we suggest
that this evaluation includes an independent review of development
partner harmonization and the use of country systems.
We wish to
conclude by reassuring the Royal Government that development partners
are committed to support their Government counterparts in each line
ministry and agency in implementing these joint aid effectiveness
priorities. Development partners would also like to propose
organizing, in close collaboration with CDC/CRDB, an
experience-sharing workshop for development partners engaged in aid
coordination in the various sectors. The objective of such a workshop
would be to promote aid effectiveness cross-fertilization within the
development partner community and to feed into the Government-led
consultation process on improving partnerships.
would be interested to seek clarification from the Government on the
reference to these priorities being associated with the JMIs, how does
the Government envisage monitoring the implementation of the aid
effectiveness priorities and to promote stronger mutual
of support for implementation and monitoring would be expected by the
Government from development partners?
the Government ensure inter-ministerial coordination necessary for the
implementation of aid effectiveness priorities in key sectors which
involve a number of Ministries (such as the Land and Agriculture &